School of Health, Sport
and Bioscience

Young People and Physical Activity


Introduction                                                                                                                            3, 4

National Government involvement in sport                                                                               4

Profile of Carers of Barking & Dagenham Organisation                                                           5

Young Carers Project                                                                                                                 5

The overview of Carers of Barking & Dagenham funding                                                       6

The Policies outlined by the Carers of Barking & Dagenham Organisation                         6, 7

Local Strategies                                                                                                                      7, 8

Carers of Barking & Dagenham Organisation’s Child Protection outline                                8

Success of the Organisation                                                                                                      9

Government spending cuts                                                                                                      10

Evaluation of Carers of Barking & Dagenham                                                                       10

Concluding Remarks                                                                                                               10

Recommendations                                                                                                                   11

Reference List                                                                                                                   12, 13














( no date) Physical education plays a pivotal role in improving the health and lifestyle of young people, and getting them actively involved in sport and physical exercise to enable them to excel in their learning and development. Woodhouse (2012) The Olympic and Paralympic Games has created the opportunities for this with inclusive access for young people and children to take part in youth sport provision such as schemes/programmes that have been set up by many clubs and organisation across the London boroughs.

Woodhouse (2010) The government play a crucial part in funding National Governing Bodies e.g. UK Sport and Sport England to make more sport provision available and have quality standard facilities and equipment they can use at their disposal. The government also allocate funding to boroughs across England to invest in sport development and youth sport provision. The local authority then allocated funds to organisations and clubs through tenders’ and grants.  Clubs and schools can also bid for trust funding e.g. National Lottery funding. To qualify for tender applications clubs and organisations have to have quality standards and sufficient governance in place.

Edworthy (2012) The 2012 Olympic and Paralympic Games in London has been a huge success, this was made possible from the time, dedication and hard work put in by the thousands of game makers and volunteers.  The success of athletes displaying medal winning performances on the world stage and the spectators showing their magnificent support not only to Great Britain but to all contenders across the world made the games one of the best ever staged. Through this success this has developed a new resource for Great Britain to utilise to nurture more young talented athletes for Rio 2016 and beyond; however this may be hindered by further government spending cuts in sport. Corporate Management Team Cascade Brief (2012) Local authorities will have reduced funding from government which will have an effect on cuts to youth services consequently spending cuts will affect local organisations by reducing their ability to offer a vast range of sport and physical activity?  Worby (2012), Council Cabinet (2011) Local authorities have Health and Wellbeing and Joint Strategic Needs Strategies’ which offer statistical intelligence on the local population and targets to improve health and reduce inequalities. Local authorities will use these strategies to set criteria for organisations to apply for their funding this will help the local authority to achieve positive results.

This case study aims to appraise the role of a charity that works with young people who are family carers.  Using local authority and government initiatives and guidance regarding sport and physical activities, Research will be conducted to find out more about the ethos and services of the organisation with a focus on their service provision to their young carers project which offers support and advocacy including an activity based project.  Through research within the organisation an analysis and evaluation will be undertaken with recommendations of improvements and increased opportunities for young people.

1.1 National government involvement in sport

Green (2008) When the new Labour government was elected in 1997-2010 many policies to invest in physical education and sport was passed as children and young people were priority with the aim to get 75% children and young people participating in sport and PE and physical education by 2005 and £2bn of financial resources from the government and the National Lottery were invested with the ambition of delivering 2 hours high quality sport, PE and physical activity sessions every week. In 2007 this was extended to 5 hours of sport and physical education a week.


Bardens et al (2012) The coalition government had to sanction major cuts under their austerity measures to curb national debt.  The government recognise that sport and physical education are important in the UK and involvement in sport is key to the successful delivery of youth sport provision, however their emphasis steers toward competitiveness rather than participation in schools sports. They invest heavily in distributing funds to National Governing Bodies and local authorities despite the recent spending cuts of 33% between youth and elite sport. Consequently there has been an increase in employment of coaches and volunteers to coach and work with young people (Kahn and Norman, 2012).







1.2 Profile of the organisation

Goldberg (2012) Carers of Barking & Dagenham is a well-established locally based organisation which provides support, information, advice and advocacy to informal carers and their families living in Barking & Dagenham.  The organisation’s mission statement is “Striving to make a difference.” To achieve their mission they offer a range of recreational and leisure activities to carers including a fully comprehensive training programme. Established in1986 and Registered as a Charity and Company Limited by Guarantee in 1997, they offer support to 3092 informal family carers who look after a person who has a disability or long term illness.  The person they are caring for may have a physical disability, mental illness, dementia or Alzheimer’s disease, or a learning disability.  The centre also offers a day care respite centre for carers who care for a person with dementia.  Carers of Barking & Dagenham employ around 38 staff and over 156 volunteers who donate their valuable time to enable the organisation to do more for carers and their families. The young carers’ project offers support to young people who have a caring responsibility for a relative; just under half of the young carers are caring for a parent with mental health and/or drug and alcohol misusers.


1.3 Young Carers Project

Goldberg (2012) The young carers’ project has 9 paid employees 3 are full time youth workers 6 are sessional workers there are also 8 volunteers who are young people who have been or are young carers.  The project offers many opportunities such as “advocacy, information, respite activities, training and a referral pathway to relevant services appropriate for young people.” The young carers project offers disadvantage young people aged 8-18 years who have a caring role for a family member who are sick, disabled or have mental health drug or alcohol problems. Many young carers live different lives to that of their peers taking on major responsibilities that have a huge impact in the way they live their life.  Goldberg (2012) It can affect their academic studies to learn as they are stressed may not go to school regularly or attend late, bullying can also be an added issue.  Young carers often lack confidence and self-esteem and are isolated as they either keep friends away from their home or do not have the money to go out to cinema, bowling when their friends are going. ( no date)  As a result the young carers’ project helps them get some respite through getting involved in sport and physical activity e.g. football, cricket, tag rugby, console and games after school, including cinema, bowling and weekend respite camping breaks, trips.

1.4 Analysis of funding in Young Carers Project

Carers of Barking & Dagenham receive funding from a range of sources e.g. Local Authority, NHS Barking and Dagenham, Trusts, Lottery, Lloyds TSB the following offers information of funding for the young carers project and overall income for 2012.


Young Carers FundingIncome
Local Authority B&D£41,501
Local Authority Thurrock£55,588
Children in Need£32,800
Jack Petchey£2,500
Help a London Child£1,500
Total Organisation Funding£780,000


Goldberg (2012) The organisation’s budget detail a variety of funding sources coming into the charity annually. The funding comes from tenders and trusts which are awarded over 2 to 4 year periods to deliver projects.  The majority of the funding is used as salaries with the rest used to run the core business of the organisation. There is also an activity budget to pay for cooking and sport equipment, coach hire for adventure day outs. All activities are heavily subsidised by the activity budget.

( no date) Local authorities play an essential role to assure the organisation meet their yearly goals and objectives are achieved, within the government’s budget Barking and Dagenham are allocated money for the following wards Abbey – £33,910, Becontree – £33,910, Valence – £50,865 and Village – £33,910 as a result funding is spread out to community based programmes and local organisations subject to written funding bids.

Trust funders like Children in Need also through their criteria for applications for funding stipulate what types of projects they will fund, Owen (2012) David Ramsden, Chief Executive of BBC Children in Need says “We are delighted to announce another £12.5 million of funding that will help hundreds of projects across the UK. Our last Appeal was a record breaker and all our supporters should be really proud of how they are helping to change young life’s right here in the UK.” As result the Children in Need grants plays a pivotal role in providing more opportunities for young carers to get involved in physical activity and extending referrals to express their benefits in their childhood.


1.5 Local Strategies

Worby (2012) The Local Wellbeing strategy and the Joint Strategic Needs Assessment are local indicators to improve the health and wellbeing of the local community Council Cabinet (2011). Barking and Dagenham Link (2012), DCMS (2012) the strategies are based on evidence from intelligence from health and government statistics. Local strategies dictate the criterion that is set for local tenders and grants to voluntary sector organisations. The following offers an example:


DCMS (2012) To meet funding requirements the organisation has to adhere to local policy and show outputs that show they are adhering to the following “88.9 per cent of children accessing sport in the last 4 weeks; 82.7 per cent of 5-10 year olds (out of school only) and 96.1 per cent of 11-15 year olds (in school and out of school)”


  • “In 2011/12, 80.0 per cent of 5-15 year old children had done some form of competitive sport in the last 12 months. Over three quarters (76.9%) had taken part in competitive sport in school, whilst 37.0 per cent had taken part outside of school”


  • “ In 2011/12, nearly one quarter of 5-10 year olds (asked via their guardian) were encouraged to take part in sport a lot or a little as a result of the UK hosting the Olympic and Paralympic Games. This figure was nearly 50% for 11-15 year olds (asked directly)”


  • “Around a quarter of 5-15 year olds were encouraged to take part in sport more often as a result of the UK hosting the London 2012 Olympic and Paralympic Games”




DCMS (2012) These results identify that significant work is being achieved locally and nationally in pursuing young people in taking part in physical activity however only a small majority in the 5 to 15 were encouraged to participate in sport as a result of London hosting the 2012 Olympic and Paralympic Games.

NHS (2012) Results in London show 9.3% people are obese these results locally include obesity in young people.   Carers of Barking and Dagenham have taken local strategies’ on board and the young carers project have linked with local sports and leisure facilities to enable young carers to engage in other pursuits outside of their caring role.  The organisation also offers sports after school activities run by a qualified teacher with coaching qualifications.  Goldberg (2012) During school holidays the organisation links with a local multi activity adventure leisure facility which offers a range of supervised sports including water sports. These free days offer young carers the chance to develop confidence, team building and engage in a range of activities which promotes their health and wellbeing.

1.6 Child Protection

( no date) The NSPPC protects children across the UK its vision is to end cruelty to children and young people. Carers of Barking and Dagenham work in line with the policies of the NSPCC which emulates the prevention of cruelty of children and young people to ensure they are kept safe from harm. Goldberg (2012) Carers of Barking and Dagenham regularly network and liaise together provide support and safeguarding training to staff within the organisation. All staff are Common Assessment Framework [CAF] trained which is a key part to deliver frontline services to ensure they are integrated and focused under the needs of children and young people.  The CAF is a standardised approach to conducting an assessment of the child’s additional needs and deciding how those needs should be met. HM Government (2004) To ensure young carers do not take on inappropriate caring roles and are thriving under the Every Child Matters principles, being healthy, staying safe, enjoying and achieving, making a positive contribution, achieving economic wellbeing.

Goldberg (2012) Say staff at Carers of Barking and Dagenham work with vulnerable young people with very little opportunities we work in partnership with the local safeguarding children and young people’s Board and ensure young carers are given targeted support to develop and achieve under the every child matters principles and where we identify a child in need concern we are able to follow the common assessment framework and ensure all agencies come together to holistically support the young person and family to achieve a positive outcome.

1.7 The Success of Carers of Barking and Dagenham

( no date) Part of the success of the organisation is attributed to senior management keeping abreast of national and local policies which includes the local Joint Needs Assessment and Health and Wellbeing strategies the following offer key messages:

  •  “The promotion of healthy lifestyle choices among children and young people as well as adults to combat inactivity”
  •  “The use of sport as a didactical tool to communicate vital health-related information to ‘at risk’ groups”
  •  “Sport is considered to contribute to achieving mental health objectives, including addressing depression and stress-related disorders”

Goldberg (2012) The organisation achieves the above by offering regular staff training, evaluation of projects/services including areas for improvement. Training is available to staff to expand their knowledge and skills to ensure a quality service is delivered. The organisation also links with other sport providers to increase opportunities’ to young carers, ( no date) Sport clubs play a pivotal role in increasing the health and wellbeing of young people and providing them opportunities to excel in sport and extending a social network with other people.  The following training is offered to young carers which increase their options for their future into adulthood.


Goldberg (2012) Training opportunities to young carers includes:

  • Sexual Health,
  • CV writing,
  • Communication skills,
  • Interview skills,
  • How to find a further education course or work
  • Money Matters


1.8 Issues around Government spending cut

Slater (2010) The coalition government have had to take action to reduce national debt. Some of these cuts have affected sport, physical education, this has affected many sport and leisure organisations, clubs and physical education through 33% government funding will be cuts from the budget of grassroots/community and elite sport within four years. Corporate Management Team Cascade Brief (2012) Local authority spending cut for Barking and Dagenham are 8 million in 2013/14 and 15 million 2014/15 spending cuts so this would have a knock on effect with the amount received to organisations across the local borough. Carers of Barking and Dagenham have already received a letter from the local authority stating that their funding could be reduced.

1.9 Evaluation of the Young Carers Project

From an overall perspective Carers of Barking and Dagenham are an established and well-structured charity with a strategic business plan in place to continue to run a successful service for their employees, volunteers and carers. However as a part of the Olympic and Paralympic legacy the organisation need to evaluate their young carers project, as they lack in the creativity to offer coaching training to young volunteers and young carers. An increase in sports activities would enhance the project as they are only offered once a week and are well attended. The organisation only has one qualified coach who has in-depth experience in sport.

1.10 Concluding remarks

  • Carers of Barking and Dagenham are an information and advocacy service that in addition offers respite, training and a range of projects
  • Its focus is in social and health care
  • The organisation is well structured has good governance and policies and procedures
  • Quality marks include Investors in people, Community Legal Service and London Youth Award
  • Partnership work is a strong area of the organisation especially in safeguarding
  • The organisation currently run a small section of physical activity for young carers every week
  • The organisation work in partnership with the local authority to help improve the health and wellbeing of carers who care for their loved ones

1.11 Recommendations

  • Lack of experience and qualifications from session workers and volunteers in coaching hinders the development of sports activities as sessions are reliant of the availability of one staff member
  • The organisation should develop coaching training opportunities to young carers so they gain knowledge/skills and qualifications in different sports and also widen their opportunities through linking with sport clubs to coach
  • Link with Schools PE curriculum
  • Funding cuts may have an impact on the project, organisation needs to review budget to make savings that least impact on service delivery

1.12 The strategic requirements action plan  

Woodhouse (2012) Carers of Barking and Dagenham to work with Schools and PE six aims

  • Raising standards by enhancing quality of youth sport
  • Use of development plans
  • Target primary schools key stage 2/3
  • Links with after school clubs and sport clubs
  • Out of school sports programmes including school competitions
  • Development of coaching and leadership by pupils having access to officiating programmes









Reference List

Barking and Dagenham Link (2012) Adult Social Care Consultation Event (Online) Available at: (Accessed: 20th October 2012)

Bardens, J, Long, R, Gillie, C (2012) School Sport, Social Policy Section, House of Commons pp.1-18

Council Cabinet (2011) Joint Strategic Needs Assessment 2011(online) Available at:  (Accessed: 20th October 2012)

Corporate Management Team Cascade Brief (2012) CTM Briefing (Online) Available at: http://lbbd/ebulletin/index.cfm?ID=5234 (Accessed: 7th November 2012)


DCMS (2012) Taking Part 2011/12 Adult and Child Report (Online) Available at: (Accessed: 14th October 2012)


Edworthy, S (2012) London 2012: world-class games in a world-class country (Online) Available at: (Accessed: 11th November 2012)


HM Government (2004) Every Child Matters: Change for Children, Department of Education and Skills (Online) Available at: (Accessed: 2nd October 2012)

Goldberg, L (2012) Carers of Barking and Dagenham. Interview with Lorraine Goldberg, interviewed by Luke Brook for UEL student 10th October 2012

Green, M (2001) Governing Under Advanced Liberalism: Sport Policy and the Social

Investment State (Online) Available at: (Accessed: 25th October 2012)

Kahn, L and Norman, W (2012) Move it, increasing young people’s participation in sport (Online) Available at: (Accessed: 26th October 2012)

NHS (2012) Statistics on obesity, physical activity and diet: England, 2012, Department of Health (Online) Available at: (Accessed: 24th October 2012)


Owen, W (2012) Third grant round of 2012 announced, (Online) Available at:…/BBC-Children-in-Need-announces-the-thirdgrant (Accessed: 2nd October 2012)


Slater, M (2010) Community and school sport bears brunt of spending cuts, Available at: (Accessed: 18th October 2012)

Woodhouse, J (2010) ‘London Olympics 2012: Sporting Legacy,’ Home Affairs Section, pp. 3-4, The House of Commons Library

Woodhouse, C (2012) Ruff Guide to PE & School Sport. Available at: (Accessed: 10th November 2012)

Worby, M (2012) Joint Health and Wellbeing Strategy 2012 to 2015 (Online) Available:  (Accessed: 20th October 2012) (no date) (Accessed: 8th October 2012)  (no date) (Accessed: 29th September 2012) (no date) (Accessed: 30th October 2012) (no date) (Accessed: 30th October 2012) (no date) (Accessed: 2nd November 2012) (no date) (Accessed: 20th October 2012)

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